Your 1st in Philippine defense

Exclusive! First photos of Hermes 900 UAVs in PAF livery!

The first batch of Hermes 900 UAVs for the PAF are finally

BrahMos missiles for the Philippine Army?!

We discuss the Philippine Army's plan to acquire the BrahMos supersonic missile

The Philippine Army finally has self-propelled mortars!

The Philippine Army's M113A2 81mm Amrored Mortar Carriers are now in service!

The return of the self propelled howitzer is coming soon!

The Philippine Army is close to acquiring 155mm self-propelled howitzers

Let us welcome BRP Conrado Yap (PS-39)!

The Philippine Navy finally welcomes its latest asset, the Pohang-class corvette BRP Conrado Yap (PS-39)

Hermes 450 MALE UAVs arriving soon!

MaxDefense presents the first photo of the Elbit Systems Hermes 450 MALE UAV of the Philippine Air Force!

Saturday, May 31, 2014

Samsung Techwin KAAV7A1 Expected as PMC's New Amphibious Assault Vehicle

After a previous bidding failure, the re-bidding of the Philippine Marine Corps' Amphibious Assault Vehicle acquisition program has again started, with the bid submission scheduled last May 15, 2014. The Approved Budget for the Contract (ABC) was Php 2.5 billion for 8 brand new units, including Integrated Logistics Support. Delivery of the vehicles will be 910 days (2 years & 6 months) from opening of Letter of Credit.

As expected by MaxDefense, only 1 entity submitted a bid for the project, South Korea's Samsung Techwin, which produces the KAAV, which is their version of BAE System's AAV7 amphibious assault vehicle (which is reportedly out of production). Their submitted bid is around Php 2.42 billion, around Php 76 million lower than the ABC. On the previous bidding for the same project, Samsung Techwin was the only one that bought the bid documents, but did not submit a bid due to technical issues on the specifications and costs. Post-qualifications will follow, which will be done in South Korea by DND and PN/PMC personnel. 


Samsung Techwin's KAAV7A1 amphibious assault vehicle.
Photo taken from Yahoo.com


AAV Information:
Based on the Technical Specifications provided by the DND, it appears to be patterned after the American AAV7 amphibious assault vehicle, down from the performance specs, weapons and components, carrying capacity, and even the parts included in the deal. This definitely puts other offers from other manufacturers out of the race, leaving only Samsung Techwin and BAE Systems as possible bidders.

Basic information on the vehicles include the following details:
- Samsung Techwin offered the KAAV7A1 amphibious assault vehicle;
- all brand new units;
- armed with 40mm Automatic Grenade Launcher, 50-caliber machine gun, and smoke grenade launchers, mounted on a standard 1-man turret;
- communications conforming to requirement of inter-operability with existing AFP radio equipment;
- comes with camouflage net, search lights, periscope, and other essential items.

Aside from these, the deal also includes training ammunition, integrated logistics support package, and training for PMC crew and support teams.


Basic information on the KAAV7A1. There might be changes on the radio and intercom system depending on the requirement of the Philippine Marine Corps.



The AAV Project:
The Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAV) acquisition project was meant to provide the Philippine Marine Corps (PMC) with an armored vehicle capable of bringing in troops from the amphibious vessels to the landing beach and beyond, while providing fire support when needed. It is actually the PMC's direct replacement for its once large but now diminished fleet of older LVTP-5 and LVTH-6 amphibious assault vehicles. The PMC has long been looking for a replacement of its old amphibious vehicle assets since these were decommissioned in the 1990s due to spare parts issues. It was reported in the past that the Philippine military received LVTP-7s (previous designation of the US AAV7) from the US decades ago, like the one made by the Federal Research Service for its Country Studies wherein they reported the PMC having 55 units, but this did not materialize due to financial issues and probably US arms control concerns. 

4 AAVs are planned to be carried by each of the upcoming Strategic Sealift Vessel (SSV, aka Landing Platform Dock LPD), 2 of which were already ordered from an Indonesian shipyard. Each AAV has 3 crew members, and is capable of bringing in 21 fully equipped troops, or cargo & supplies.




The KAAV operating during an amphibious operation. 


The AAV are expected to be used during amphibious operations from landing ships, in a similar fashion as the United States Marine Corps and other friendly Marine units in Asia like Thailand and Indonesia. Yearly exercises between the Philippine and US Marine Corps unit have enabled PMC troops and armored vehicle crews to work with USMC AAV7A1, and the PMC has gained familiarity with the capabilities of the vehicles and usage in combat. The availability of such assets with the PMC would enable them to improve their inter-operability with US forces, and the PMC is expected to gain a lot of training experience with the vehicles as the recently signed Expanded Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) gains actual foothold. 


Philippine Marine Corps armored vehicle crew members man of the USMC's AAV7 amphibious assault vehicle during a Balikatan Exercises several years ago.
Photo taken from pmcmssr.tripod.com.



Problems Encountered in the Previous Bid Attempt:
Previously, Samsung Techwin already indicated in their bid queries, specifically the Supplemental Bid Bulletin No. AFPMP--PN-AAVAP-13-002 dated November 5, 2013, that they may have difficulties in complying with a number of requirements that the DND set in their technical specifications. Main concerns are the following:

a.  Delivery date for the goods, wherein Samsung Techwin requested to extend to 910 days upon opening of Letter of Credit. This was revised by the DND and is now according to Samsung Techwin's request.

b. Communications equipment was requested by Samsung Techwin to be Buyer Furnished Equipment, meaning supplied by the DND separately, or that the DND consider using the Korean-made VRC-947K made by LIG Nex1. Previously the DND insisted on being supplied with an on-board communications system inter-operable with existing AFP radios for secured and non-secured channels. It appears that Samsung Techwin will go for Harris radios, and due to the extension of delivery time, they can now do the integration as previously requested.

c. It also appears that the DND was requesting for 2 units to act as Command Vehicles, with additional 2 base communication systems compared to the other units. Samsung Techwin requested for compromise on this, as they believed that Command Vehicle variants may affect the fire support and troop carrying capability of the AAV based on US and Korean versions where there are no turrets and have less troop carrying space to accommodate the extra communications items.

d. Warranty was requested by DND to be 2 years, while Samsung Techwin can only cover 1 year. This is because the components in the vehicles are also only covered for 1 year by Samsung Techwin's suppliers, and extension of the warrantly may increase the cost of the entire project.

Aside from the above, Samsung Techwin revealed to media sources their concerns, reiterating their incapability to comply to the warranty requirement and cost implications on the additional base radio requirements.



More Required in the Future:
Due to the requirements of the Philippine Navy to have more SSV/LPD in the near future, it is expected that the PMC will request for additional AAVs as well. This is to eventually retire the remaining LVTH-6 in the PMC's inventory, as well as improve its amphibious operations capability. The PMC's current armored assets, the V-150 and the V-300, are incapable of the amphibious capability of the KAAV7A1, and will be relegated more to ground operations which do not need the amphibious capabilities, similar to how they are being used today.

MaxDefense believes that the PMC must also try to obtain support vehicles of the KAAV series in the future if it wishes to expand its AAV fleet, including the armored recovery vehicle version. The PMC must also look to improve its maintenance, repair, and support capability, including adequate shelter and facilities for the vehicles when not deployed on ships. Currently the main support facility for armored vehicles is located at Fort Bonifacio in Taguig, but due to the impending reduction of military bases inside Metro Manila, it is best for the PMC to create a new armored vehicle support facility on one of its major bases outside Metro Manila. 

If this deal pushes through, this would be the 2nd major arms export by South Korea to the Philippines within this year, after the Philippine Air Force's acquisition of the KAI FA-50 Fighting Eagle jets
2 of the few remaining serviceable LVTH-6 with the Philippine Marines. More KAAV may allow the PMC to totally drop the LVTH-6 from active service.

Friday, May 16, 2014

Analysis on the PAF's Upcoming Long Range Patrol Aircraft

For the past few months, you may have been hearing representatives from the Philippines' Department of National Defense (DND) and Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) discussing the acquisition of long range patrol aircraft for the Philippine Air Force (PAF). The last of these announcements even came from President Benigno Aquino III himself during the appointment of new PAF chief Maj. Gen. Jeffrey Delgado last month, where he reiterated the national government's support for the aircraft purchase.

MaxDefense's previous blog entry discussions included the DND's ongoing deal with the US government on the procurement of patrol aircraft, in which they will be acquired under a US Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. The Approved Budget for the Contract (ABC) allocated for the 2 aircraft is Php 5.97 billion (around $133 million), which includes training of aircrew and ground personnel, and an Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) package. As of this writing, MaxDefense sources says that the deal with the US government is now in the final stages, and we can expect the DND to announce the deal completion within a few months, or even weeks, from now. Expected delivery of the 1st unit is expected by 2016, while the 2nd unit may arrive by 2017.


Purpose:
The PAF's Long Range Patrol Aircraft (LRPA) are expected to be the Philippine military's primary airborne "eyes and ears" platform, designed to detect and identify surface and possibly subsurface assets passing through or intruding the country's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and territorial waters. They are equipped with advanced surveillance systems, can operate both day and night, have enough range and endurance to be present in the air for the longest possible time, and would probably be armed to defeat hostile naval threats.


Possible Offers:
So what is the long range patrol aircraft to be procured? Previously, MaxDefense discussed a possible shortlist of what the US can provide for the project: the Lockheed P-3C Orion, and the Airbus Military CN-235MP or the larger C-295 MP or ASW Persuader. Aside from these, MaxDefense also sees the Boeing MSA as a possible contender, which is presently offered using a Bombardier CL-600 Challenger 605 business jet as a platform, installed with the sensors of the P-8A Poseidon. The Boeing MSA can also be offered in other suitable business jet models like the larger Bombardier Global Express, depending on the client's requirement.


Lockheed's P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft
Photo taken from Wikimedia.

Being a US government assisted program, we can now say that other contenders that we have been discussing months ago can be taken out of the list, which includes the ATR-42MP Surveyor and ATR-72ASW from Italy.

Not much has been released on the specifications of the long range maritime patrol aircraft requirement of the PAF because of the DND's decision to go for a direct deal with the US government. The DND won't be required to publish the specifications to the public like what it usually do for its other projects undergoing tender. We can, for now, dwell on the ABC, averaging at around $66 million per aircraft.

Availability and Cost:
Non-flying P-3s are abundant in US military storage facilities and can be either be granted or sold to allies, and reactivated and upgraded anytime for immediate service. Some recent recipients of the aircraft include Pakistan and Taiwan, which have the same close military relationship with the US as the Philippines. If the US government provide the airframes to the Philippines by grant, the budget allocated by the DND would be enough to pay for refurbishing and reactivation of 2 P-3C Orions from the boneyard. Normally refurbished P-3s were sold by the US government above $80 million each, so the US government's offer would now depend on the US government's means to assist the Philippines. It would be best if the DND would get the newer P-3C variant, which is more advanced and less airframe hours.

The Boeing MSA using the Challenger 605 platform was quoted by Boeing to cost around $50-$60 million, within the budget allocated as well, but being a new platform with no buyers yet, it may encounter compliance issues on technicalities set by the DND for procurement of assets.

The CN-235MP Persuader is definitely within the budget allocated by the DND, and there are estimates we can take from previous deals that Airbus Military (or previously as EADS) had with other military units. Previously, Mexico's deal was for 6 CN-235 MP Persuaders was estimated at around $252 million for 6 aircraft, including ground infrastructure, plus full logistics and spares support for 5 years (average of $42 million per aircraft). Aside from Mexico and the US Coast Guard, there are several other countries operating the CN-235MP Persuader in different configurations. Previous contracts by Airbus Military with the US Coast Guard pegs the HC-144A Ocean Sentry at $35-40 million each as of 2010.

The C-295MP / C-295ASW are expected to be more expensive that the CN-235MP, but may still be within the budget provided by the DND. The sale of such aircraft to Chile a few years ago did not disclose the deal's value, but MaxDefense sources confirmed that the C-295MP and C-295ASW will not exceed $55 million each for the complete aircraft.






A Chilean Navy C-295MP Persuader maritime patrol aircraft, a product of EADS (now Airbus Military).


US Government Involvement:
A project that involves the US government should consider some factors as compared to buying in the open market. US interests will be in the forefront, and this may either include allowing (or disallowing) the Philippine military to use US-standard equipment and technology. Being a Major Non-NATO Ally, the Philippine may be eligible to obtain such equipment, but there might be some restrictions as well depending on the decision of the US government. 

Will the US allow the Philippines to own and operate the P-3C Orion, its equipment and systems, armaments, and obtain the training? From MaxDefense's opinion, yes, the Philippines may be allowed to do so, but MaxDefense can't confirm this yet. But this reason may not stop the DND from getting its hands on a P-3 Orion. The US may offer a less-capable version which also costs less than the standard high end version, it could probably have its surveillance systems replaced with another type, or it could also be a de-weaponised version similar to what was offered to Vietnam. 

Also, the source of equipment to be sold to the Philippines will probably be from US defense contractors, although there were recent instances that the US offered FMS for equipment sourced outside the US, like the proposed AT-26 Super Tucano program for Afghanistan, or the CN-235MP Persuader acquisition for Mexico. So the P-3C Orion has a greater chance of being offered as compared to the Spanish-built CN-235 or C-295 series aircraft.


Conflict of Interest:
The CN-235 and C-295 platforms are both from Airbus Military, and although they have offices in the US, they are sourced from CASA-Airbus Military's factory in Spain. This might have implications on the sale due to the involvement of the US government in the patrol aircraft acquisition. It is expected that the US will push to have its products sold, either EDA or new builds. The C-295MP/ASW Persuader's FITS (Fully Integrated Tactical System) was also developed by EADS/Airbus Military, which makes the aircraft less attractive as a US government offer.

A possible solution is for Airbus Military to provide the aircraft platform, and US defense contractors will provide the surveillance and integration systems. A similar project is on the USCG's HC-144A Ocean Sentry aircraft, which is actually a CN-235 MP Persuader using US-made systems. The US may offer a C-295 or CN-235 equipped with Lockheed Martin's Mission System Pallet (MSP), or any alternative systems from other American defense contractors like Northrop Grumman. 



The Airbus Military's HC-144 Ocean Sentry maritime surveillance aircraft operated by the US Coast Guard. This is based closely on Airbus Military's CN-235MP Persuader.
Photo taken from US Coast Guard website c/o Wikimedia.


Boeing may offer any business jet to install its MSA system, and may include US-made aircraft like the Gulfstream G550 Special Mission series, although the choice of aircraft to be used may dictate the final pricing of the aircraft. 


Boeing -Bombardier Challenger 605 MSA (maritime surveillance aircraft).
Photo taken from Australian Aviation website.


Natural Choice:
Among the possible contenders, the P-3 is said to be the best choice of the DND and AFP, being a favorite for several years now. According to MaxDefense sources from the AFP, both the Philippine Navy and Air Force have been looking at the P-3 Orion since the implementation of the AFP Modernization Program in 1995. It has been present in almost all PH-US military exercises and is also a usual visitor to the country. US Navy P-3s regularly patrol Philippine waters when the Americans were still occupying Subic Naval Base, and continues to do so "unofficially" in several occasions up to this time. It has become the baseline set by the PN & PAF for any future maritime patrol aircraft, even after the availability of newer and cheaper models in the market.

The C-295MP or C-295ASW Persuader are also strong contenders that we can consider a natural choice. With the C-295 platform chosen as the next medium-lift aircraft of the PAF, its chances of getting chosen rather than its smaller variant CN-235 is higher. The longer range and higher endurance of the larger C-295 is another advantage against the CN-235, but both can be equipped with US-supplied MPA equipment which might be an integral part of the deal being a US government sale.


Weapon Delivery Capability Requirement?
MaxDefense sources also revealed that the PAF ideally wanted an MPA aircraft that is capable of carrying and firing anti-ship missiles and anti-submarine torpedoes, which the Boeing MSA does not have. In the meantime, the Lockheed P-3 Orion and the Airbus Military C-295ASW Persuader are configured to have the capability of weapons delivery. The C-295 has an ongoing test to carry the Italian Marte Mk.2/S anti-ship missiles, although no word yet on firing other types. 


Chile's C-295ASW Persuader. The underwing hardpoint is visible in this angle, which can be used to mount ASW torpedoes. 

The P-3C is certified to fire the AGM-84 Harpoon missile, as well as torpedoes and naval mines, giving it an advantage over all other competitors on this requirement.



Acquisition Numbers:
It is surprising to know that the DND and PAF are only looking for 2 units, when the total requirement is for at least 6 aircraft. This is probably the initial acquisition, and as more funds come in after this phase of the AFP Modernization Program, at least 4 more aircraft will be acquired. 



MaxDefense doesn't know yet which was offered by the US government to the DND and PAF, but it appears that refurbished Lockheed P-3C Orions has the higher probability of being offered or picked against its Airbus Military and Boeing competitors. The Orion is the most capable platform being a proven design,  But whatever is the result of the acquisition program would be beneficial to the Philippine military's goal of having a modest capability to patrol its vast EEZ and territorial waters. We await for more details on this FMS project, which we expect to be finalized very soon. 

MaxDefense will provide updates on this project as more information comes in. 




==========
UPDATES
==========
May 20, 2014: The DND released an Invitation to Bid for the PAF's upcoming Long Range Patrol Aircraft (LRPA). This is major turn-around for the project as the negotiations was already on the high-end between the Philippine and US governments for US FMS-sourced equipment. This can be considered a major set-back as the original timetable for the LRPA acquisition was pushed back by more than 1 year as the expected arrival of the 1st unit was scheduled on 2016, probably just before President Aquino steps down.

It appears that the US indeed offered refurbished P-3C Orion to the DND, but it is still unclear why the deal did not push-through. MaxDefense is still finding out the details, but there are 2 possible reasons why the DND decided to go for bidding, either the US government was asking for more than the allocated budget of the DND, or the US made an offer that the DND finds unacceptable. 

The tender for the LRPA has the following details:
* ABC remains at Php 5,976,000,000.00;
* 2-stage Competitive Bidding (similar to the bidding for the Philippine Navy's new frigates and anti-submarine helicopter acquisition programs);
* Delivery of both aircraft will be 1,095 days (2 years and 10 months) from receipt of Notice to Proceed;
* 1st stage pre-bid conference is scheduled on May 30, 2014, while submission of bids will be on or before June 13, 2014;
* The LRPA must be used by the armed forces of country of origin, or by the armed forces of at least 2 other countries;

Being a tender, it is expected that the aircraft will be brand new. If so, then the EDA Lockheed P-3C Orions, or any other EDA offers from the US or other friendly countries are definitely out of the game. But it would be best to check the Technical Specifications first, which will definitely indicate if the requirement are for brand new aircraft.

MaxDefense will continue to provide update on this LRPA acquisition project.

===============
June 28, 2014:
The DND released another Supplemental Bid Bulletin, showing the queries made by the expected bidders, and DND-BAC's replies. From the list, it shows the entities expected to submit a bid for the project as:

* Elbit Systems;
* Airbus Defense and Space;
* Raytheon;
* IAI Elta Systems Ltd.;
* Saab Technologies;
* PT Dirgantara Indonesia (Persero);
* Bombardier Aerospace;
* L3 Mission Integration
* Lockheed Martin.

Quoting from the replies made by the DND-BAC and the checklist included in the SBB, it shows that the aircraft platform should be brand new, turboprop-powered, 11,000 lbs. minimum payload at maximum fuel, 7 hours minimum endurance, cruising speed of at least 200 knots, range of at least 1,400nmi. 

It also indicated the need for the aircraft to accommodate 4 operator consoles, aerial surveillance camera (EO/IR), a search radar with ISAR, WAS, and SAR modes, ESM/ELINT, COMINT, Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD), Sonobuoy receivers and processors, tactical data link, and availability of hardpoints to carry munitions and stores. 

=================
August 11, 2014:
Opening of bid documents for 1st stage bidding of Long Range Patrol Aircraft acquisition project ongoing. The bidding did not proceed as planned.

 All 7 bid submissions were opened and the following were noted:

For documentation requirements:
* Saab Asia Pacific was found ineligible to bid due to missing Tax Clearance documents;
* L3 Mission Integration was also found ineligible due to the same reason; 
* IAI Elta Systems was also found ineligible initially, but the decision was overturned after BAC found its submitted Financial Statement documents eligible;
* Elbit Systems' bid was considered eligible and was the first bidder to do so;
* Lockheed Martin was also considered ineligible due to documentation problems;
* PT Dirgantara Indonesia (Indonesian Aerospace) was also found ineligible. 
* CASA-Airbus Defense and Space was also found ineligible because of failing to meet certain requirements.

With only 2 Israeli companies, IAI Elta Systems and Elbit Systems, passing the documentation requirements, both underwent with the opening of technical specifications and performance parameters, both companies failed to make the mark

Due to the failure, further checking by the DND-BAC for the brand and type of aircraft platform offered - an important part of the bidding, did not continue.

Bidders that failed the documentation part of the bid opening are given a chance to file for a Motion for Reconsideration within 3 days. MaxDefense expects most of the bidders to make use of the MOR as majority failed only because of documentation requirements and not because their bids are non-compliant. CASA-Airbus Defense and Space, Saab Asia Pacific, and PT Dirgantara Indonesia already made known their intentions to file for MOR in the next few days.

The deadline for filing of Motion for Reconsideration was set on Thursday, August 14, 2014, and if the DND-BAC acknowledges the documents, the bidders will be given a chance to open the other parts of their bids.

More updates will be made later on as more information is made available.


==================
September 19, 2016:

Finally got updates on the Philippine Air Force's Long Range Patrol Aircraft (LRPA) acquisition project, which was not given updates for several months now. 

Based on the Supplementary Bid Bulletins made available by the Department of National Defense last March 2016, interests on the project was made through queries sent for clarifications. Among those noted to have submitted their queries are Elbit Systems, Boeing, Finmeccanica, PT Dirgantara Indonesia (Persero), Airbus Military, and ELTA Systems Ltd. 

Based on the queries made, Elbit Systems seemed interested to submit an offer based on an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platform which was not acceptable. 

Meanwhile, Boeing may require US Congress approval for the sale of their product, which means they still have a say if the deal can proceed or not, while the entire process can delay the project. 

PT Dirgantara Indonesia was trying to push for an extension of the delivery timeline, and appears to be having problems meeting the minimum requirements of having a minimum payload of 11,000lbs at maximum fuel. It was not posted in the SBB but as of June 2016, the company is actually blacklisted from joining biddings or projects with the AFP. 

Finmeccanica's query were more on administrative including their expected change of company name (now known as Leonardo), while Elta requested asked regarding the possible use of an aircraft model already offered by a competitor, which means they can use any aircraft model as long as it meets the specifications of the PAF.

According to MaxDefense's military and defense sources, the LRPA Project's 1st Stage Bidding proceeded with the Submission and Opening of Bid Envelopes (SOBE) last March 2016, with Airbus Military being the only one qualified to continue to the 2nd Stage. Although there was no confirmation of what Airbus is exactly offering, it was said to be using the C-295 aircraft as a platform. Based on the Technical Specifications used by the PAF, MaxDefense believes the offer will be derived from Airbus' C-295 ASW Persuader maritime patrol / anti-submarine warfare aircraft.

No schedule yet on when the 2nd Stage of the Bidding will be made.

The PAF's specifications for the LRPA included an anti-submarine warfare capability, including firing torpedoes and being equipped with a Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD), thus pointing that Airbus should be offering the armed ASW variant of their C-295ASW Persuader,
Photo taken from Airbus' website.



MaxDefense will provide updates later on as more information is gathered.

Philippine Navy Modernization Projects

Philippine Coast Guard Modernization Projects